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Pennsylvania Archaeologist 83(1):1-2
The Johnston Locus (36WM705); A Protohistoric Site in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania
Kristen Anne Beckman

Site 36WM705, referred to in this report as the Johnston locus, was excavated by Kristen Beckman in 1989- 1990. The Johnston locus, a Protohistoric period site radiocarbon dated to ca. 1640-60 A.D, produced a unique artifact assemblage which included gunflints, humpbacked knives, and triangular projectile points. It provides a rare look at a Protohistoric camp site in southwestern Pennsylvania. No other sites of this type from this period have been investigated and reported in this area to date.

Pennsylvania Archaeologist 83(1):22-44
Revisiting .the Wolf Walk: Exploring Philadelphia's Delaware River Waterfront
Jennifer C. Rankin

Industrialization and urbanization in the city of Philadelphia led to dramatic changes to the natural landscape. Like most Native American archaeological sites lost in urban settings, place names for specific events, locations, and landscape features are often replaced or forgotten. This paper discusses the results of PennDOT's ongoing archaeological investigations of the I-95/GIR Improvement Corridor Project and identifies a link between Native American sites and Lenape place names. While it may not be possible to directly associate Lenape place names with the six identified Native American sites, their relationship evokes imagery of a forgotten landscape that is critical for engaging local communities to understanding Philadelphia's Native inhabitants

Pennsylvania Archaeologist 83(1):45-63
Early Archaic Sites Along Drainage Divides in Western Washington County, Pennsylvania
Kenneth F. Fischer and William H. Tippins

This paper documents a concentration of Archaic period archaeological sites located along dividing ridges between the Chartiers Creek, Cross Creek, and Buffalo Creek drainages in western Washington County, Pennsylvania. This study is based on 3 1 0 diagnostic surface-collected artifacts from 25 sites in the study area. The results document some interesting settlement and lithic usage patterns that are not evident at lower elevations in these drainages. In addition to heavy Late Archaic use of these sites, Early Archaic diagnostics, which are generally rare in western Pennsylvania, make up an unusually high percentage (41.3%) of the assemblage. All 25 sites in the study area contain an Early Archaic component. Evidence of Paleoindian and Woodland period activity on these drainage divide sites was nearly non-existent.

Pennsylvania Archaeologist 83(1):64-78
The Crow Mound (36GR36), Greene County, Pennsylvania
Don W. Dragoo and Donald P Tanner

In the late 1960s, excavations were conducted at the Crow Mound (36GR36), in Greene County, Pennsylvania, by the Carnegie Museum under a contract with the National Park Service. This investigation determined that the Crow Mound was likely a small Adena burial mound constructed late in the Early Woodland period. A lack of diagnostic artifacts, and the poor condition of potential burials and cremations, makes further conclusions difficult. Approximately I ,500 years after the mound was first constructed, people of the Late Prehistoric Monongahela Culture intruded at least six burials into the top of the Crow Mound. After excavations were completed, a report on the project was submitted to the National Park Service, but never formally published. This paper for the first time publishes these findings for a wider audience..

Pennsylvania Archaeologist 83(2):1-15
A Circular Village of the Monongahela Tradition: The Gower Site (36S06)
Dr. Bernard K. Means

The Gower site (36S06) was originally excavated from December 1939 to March 1940 by a New Deal-funded work relief crew under the direction of Edgar E. Augustine. The full findings from this site have never been published, although its unique settlement layout-a circular village lacking a clear central plaza-has puzzled a number of recent scholars. This article presents a detailed overview of the extant field records and artifact collections, as well two new radiocarbon assays obtained from the site. The site is also considered in terms of recent methodological and theoretical approaches outlined by the author in the book Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition.

Pennsylvania Archaeologist 83(2):16-28
Shenks Ferry Radiocarbon Dates, The Quarry Site (36LA1100) and Village Site Ecology
Jeffrey R. Graybill and James T Herbstritt

Twenty-eight radiocarbon dates are available for the Quarry site, a mid-16th century A.D. Shenks Ferry tradition site in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Date distributions for this site fall into two groups and a two-part chronology of cultural events is offered to explain the site's date profile.

Pennsylvania Archaeologist 83(2):29-51
Cord-Marked Ceramics from Scarem-Kramer (36WH22); Description and Distribution, Cordage and Population Dynamics at a Monongahela Village Site
Sarah L. Dost Kerchusky

Final twist and other cordage attributes (e.g., ply formula, cordage diameter, strand diameter, and angle of twist) have the potential to demonstrate differences between neighboring populations under certain circumstances; however, more directly they are proxies for the learning networks of spinners and weavers that produced and used cordage. Within the Upper Ohio River valley, cord-marked ceramics impressed with final S or final Z-twist cordage have been analyzed and compared with sites of the Monongahela, Fort Ancient, McFate, and Wellsburg cultural traditions in attempts to understand the dynamics of intercultural interaction among these various Late Woodland (ca. A.D. 400-1050) and Late Prehistoric period (ca. A.D. 1050-1580) populations. This study examines the cordage attributes and the distribution of final twist types from cordage impressed ceramics at Scarem-Kramer (36WH22), a Middle Monongahela phase village site in Washington County, Pennsylvania. These data contribute to a discussion of the potential visibility of learning networks at a local scale, which may have implications for intercultural interaction between groups in this region.
Pennsylvania Archaeologist 83(2):52-64
Data Retrieval From an Unprovenienced Museum Collection: The Ludy Collection at the University of Pennsylvania Museum
Carolyn D. Dillian
Many museums hold collections with limited provenience data. At the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, one group of artifacts from Boyertown, Pennsylvania, was researched to gather additional information regarding the collection and collector with the goal of refining locational data. This holds benefit as an example of the kind of research that can be done on unprovenienced collections and has broad applicability for museum studies.
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